Welcome to the 11th chapter of John Christian’s Studio Sessions. The fourth subject that John approaches is ‘Mastering’. He structures this matter within 3 chapters. In the second chapter about Mastering John will talk more in depth about dealing with the dynamics. As you all get to know John a bit more, you’ll now know that John has his own specific way of working which most of the time comes down to thinking out of the box. He explains that his master chain is often disapproved by mastering professionals but for him it’s working great. One of the less common things in mastering that John is doing is going into a limiter, almost at the beginning of the chain, before he goes into a compressor. Also John talks about paralel compression with one of his favorite plugins. He uses this technique to compres a track very hard without sounding overcompressed. Last but not least he reveals a personal trick about the use of harmonics to expand the frequency range in a way that you can’t do with an equalizer. Mastering, back in the days, was done by audio engineers in external specialized studios and had a complete different purpose than how dance-producers often use it these days. Mastering was meant to compile albums which were recorded in different studios to achieve one overall sound. The mastering engineer than made a package (this used to be a tape) which he could send to a vinyl or cd press fabric. Nowadays a lot of producers are thinking that mastering is the secret ingredient to make a track sound as good as the ones from the bigger names. However mastering a track is very important but doing a proper mix down is equally or even more important in John’s opinion. It all requires trained and critical listening and the main purpose of mastering is to create optimal translation of the production on all playback systems. John Christian goes through Mastering techniques within chapter #10, #11 and #12. If you have any technical question regarding this Studio Sessions, you can place your comments on www.facebook.com/DJJohnChristian

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